Ruby MacDougall is an analyst on the Libraries, Scholarly Communication, and Museums team. Prior to working with Ithaka S+R, she worked in education consulting and curriculum design in China and the United States. She received her BA in art history from SUNY Purchase, her MA in Asian studies from the University of Hawaii and is currently a PhD candidate in the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures at the University of Michigan. Her dissertation examines the development of women’s higher education in China during the Republican era and its relationship to Protestant ideologies of health, domesticity, and femininity.